Acne is one of the signs that a teenager is physically attaining maturity. In the course of puberty your body starts producing hormones like testosterone. It’s this hormone that impacts the sebaceous glands that manufacture sebum or skin oil. These sebaceous glands temporarily become enlarged and produce surplus sebum. You generally notice acne first on your face. But other parts of your body can also have outbreaks.

Almost universal, acne affects roughly 85% of young people between the ages of twelve and twenty four. While acne generally appears on the face, about one out of four people will have acne outbreaks on other areas, most notably on the back and neck. Around 4 out of 10 people will get help from a physician because of their condition. Despite the fact that acne begins in the course of puberty, many older people still are afflicted by acne.

The scientific name for common acne is acne vulgaris. Abnormal areas on the skin or lesions emerge. These lesions are usually whiteheads, blackheads or cysts which form because of blocked pores. This is usually observed in the course of puberty since this is the time when the body starts to produce a profusion of skin oil, a compound known as sebum. Usually, your skin oil or sebum helps soften and lubricate your skin to keep it healthy. During puberty, however, extra sebum is produced. This surplus causes your skin to seem oily and helps block the pores.

Your skin is always in the process of renewal. Dead skin cells drop away and are replaced by new cells. But, many of the dead skin cells become engulfed by the excess sebum. This mass of sebum and dead skin cells can block up a pore. Blocked up pores appear as either blackheads or whiteheads. The bacteria on the skin start to multiple within the blocked up pore which leads to redness and swelling in the area. This inflammation is called a pimple. Whiteheads and blackheads are non-inflamed areas, although they can be seen if grouped together closely.

Why Popping Your Pimple is a No No!

A pimple is a red, raised bump that is congested with oil and dead skin and is infected with bacteria. Pressing on or squeezing a pimple could burst your skin underneath your pimple, sending the infection deeper into the skin. This larger infected area is called a papule. When it goes even deeper it is then called a pustule. A pustule is generally not as red as other pimples, but it may possess a white center and be painful. If it goes deeper than a pustule, then it is called a cyst. A cyst may be very serious and needs to be cared for by a trained professional.

Applying pressure to a pimple or tying to squeeze it may drive the infection into the sebaceous glands or into deeper layers of your skin. The most effective acne removal tips are to treat the area topically to get rid of excess oil, destroy bacteria, and clear away dead skin cells. You can safely perform these three steps in your own home using common over-the-counter medications.

You have to treat your skin right for it to remain smooth and healthy and free of acne. And, that is what we all desire.

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